Course Bibliography

Atton, C. (2008). Alternative Media Theory and Journalism Practice. In Digital Media and Democracy Tactics in Hard Times (pp. 213-227). Massachusetts: The MIT Press Cambridge.

Barnett, C. (2003). Introduction: How is democracy? In Culture and Democracy Media, Space, and Representation (pp. 1-8). Tuscaloosa: The University of Alabama Press.

Barnett, C. (2003). The Production of Communicative Spaces: Formations of the Public. In Culture and Democracy Media, Space, and Representation (pp. 33-53). Tuscaloosa: The University of Alabama Press.

Barnett, C. (2003). Technologies of Citizenship: Assembling Media Publics. In Culture and Democracy Media, Space, and Representation (pp. 81-107). Tuscaloosa: The University of Alabama Press.

Boler, M. (2008). Democracy on the Airwaves: An Interview with Amy Goodman. In M. Boler (Ed.), Digital Media and Democracy Tactics in Hard Times (pp. 197-212). Massachusetts: The MIT Press.

Boler, M. (2008). Introduction. In M. Boler (Ed.), Digital Media and Democracy Tactics in Hard Times (pp. 37-50). Massachusetts: The MIT Press.

Boler, M., & Turpin, S. (2008). The Daily Show and Crossfire: Satire and Sincerity as Truth to Power. In M. Boler (Ed.), Digital Media and Democracy Tactics in Hard Times(pp. 383-403). Massachusetts: The MIT Press.

Buckman, R. (1996). Birth, Death, and Resurrection of Press Freedom in Chile. In R. Cole (Ed.), Communication in Latin America Journalism, Mass Media, and Society (pp. 155-181). Ailmington: Scholarly Resources.

Canizalez, A., & Lugo-Ocando, J. (2008). BBeyond National Media Systems: A medium for Latin America and the Struggle for Integration. In The Media in Latin America. (pp. 209-225). Open University Press.

Castells, M. (2012). Networks of Outrage and Hope: Social Movements in the Internet Age. Cambridge: Polity.

Coleman, S., & Blumler, J. (2009). Shaping E-Democracy. In The Internet and Democratic Citizenship: Theory, Practice and Policy (1st ed., pp. 139-165). Cambridge University Press.

Coleman, S., & Blumler, J. (2009). From Indirect to Direct Representation. In The Internet and Democratic Citizenship: Theory, Practice and Policy (1st ed., pp. 68-89). Cambridge University Press.

Croteau, D., & Hoyens, W. (2001). The New Media Giants Changing Industry Structure. In The Business of Media Corporate Media and the Public Interest (pp. 71-107). Thousand Oaks: Pine Forge Press.

Curran, J. (n.d.). Rethinking the Media as a Public Sphere. In P. Dahlgran & C. Sparks (Eds.), Communication and Citizenship Journalism and the Public Sphere (pp. 27-57). Routledge.

Curran, J. (2011). Introduction. In Media and Democracy (pp. 1-6). New York: Routledge.

Curran, J. (2011). Questioning a New Orthodoxy. In Media and Democracy (pp. 28-46). New York: Routledge.

Curran, J., Iyengar, S., Lund, A., & Salovaara-Moring, I. (2011). Media System, Public Knowledge and Democracy: A Comparative Study. In Media and Democracy (pp. 47-60). New York: Routledge.

Debord, G. (1983). Society of the Spectacle. Detriot: Black & Red.

De La Torre, C. (1992). The Ambiguous Meanings of Latin American Populisms. Social Research, 59(2), 385-414.

Deuze, M. (2011). Media Life. In S. Papathanassopoulos (Ed.), Media Perspectives for the 21st Century (pp. 137-148). Routledge.

Diez, C. (2015, January 20). Venimos de una hegemonia de la imagen. Retrieved January 20, 2015, from http://www.pagina12.com.ar/diario/suplementos/espectaculos/17-34518-2015-01-20.html

Dinneen, M. (2012). The Chavez Government and the Battle Over the Media in Venezuela. Asian Journal of Latin American Studies, 25(2), 27-53. Retrieved January, 2015.

Dornfeld, B., & Larkin, B. (2002). Putting American Public Television Documentary in Its Places. In F. Ginsburg & L. Abu-Lughod (Eds.), Media Worlds Anthropology on New Terrain (pp. 247-263). University of California Press.

Downing, J., Ford, T., Gil, G., & Stein, L. (2000). Social Movements, the Public Sphere, Networks. In Radical Media: Rebellious Communication and Social (pp. 23-37). Sage Publications.

Downing, J., Ford, T., Gil, G., & Stein, L. (2000). Community, Democracy, Dialogue, and Radical Media. In Radical Media: Rebellious Communication and Social (pp. 38-55). Sage Publications.

Downing, J., Ford, T., Gil, G., & Stein, L. (2000). Art, Aesthetics, Radical Media, and Communication. In Radical Media: Rebellious Communication and Social (pp. 56-66). Sage Publications.

Downing, J., Ford, T., Gil, G., & Stein, L. (2000). Radical Media Organization: Two Models. In Radical Media: Rebellious Communication and Social (pp. 67-74). Sage Publications.

Durham, G.M., Kellner, M. D. (2001). Media and Cultural Studies: KeyWorks. Oxford: Blackwell.

Ford, T., & Gil, G. (2000). Radical Internet Use. In Radical Media: Rebellious Communication and Social (pp. 201-234). Carbondale: Sage Publications.


Fox, E. (1988). Introduction. In Dias de Bail: El fracaso ded la Reforma en la Television de America Latin (pp. 9-16). Paris: Felefacs.

Fox, E. (1988). La Reforma de la television chilena. In Dias de Bail: El fracaso ded la Reforma en la Television de America Latin (pp. 103-121). Paris: Felefacs.


Fox, E. (1988). Antecedentes de la reforma. In Dias de Bail: El fracaso ded la Reforma en la Television de America Latin (pp. 17-53). Paris: Felefacs.

Fox, J. (1998). The Difficult Transition from Clientelism to Citizenship: Lessons from Mexico. In D. Chalmers, C. Vilas, K. Hite, S. Martin, K. Piester, & M. Segarra (Eds.), The New Politics of Inequality in Latin America Rethinking Participation and Representation (Vol. 391-420). New York: Oxford University Press.

Freire, P. (2013). Society in Transition. In Education for Critical Consciousness (Reprint Edition ed., pp. 3-18). Bloomsbury Academic.

Fromson, M. (1996). Mexico’s Struggle for a Free Press. In R. Cole (Ed.), Communication in Latin America Journalism, Mass Media, and Society (pp. 115-137). Ailmington: Scholarly Resources.

Ginsburg, F., Abu-Lughod, L., & Larkin, B. (2002). Introduction. In Media Worlds Anthropology on New Terrain (pp. 1-36). University of California Press.

Gonzalez-Rodriguez, G., & Lugo-Ocando, J. (2008). The Media in Chile: The Restoration of Democracy and the Subsequent Concentration of Media Ownership. In The Media in Latin America (pp. 61-77). Open University Press.

Greenwald, G. (2010). Limiting Democracy: The American Media’s World View, and Ours.Social Research, 77(3), 827-838.

Greenwald, G. (2014). No Place to Hide: Edward Snowden, The NSA, and the U.S. Surveillance State. New York: Metropolitan Books.

Guedas-Bailey, O., & Jambeiro Barbosa, O. (2008). The Media in Brazil: An Historical Overview of Brazilian Broadcasting Politics. In J. Lugo-Ocando (Ed.), The Media in Latin America.(pp. 46-60). Open University Press.

Gurevitch, M., Coleman, S., Blumler, J., & Graber, D. (2011). Political Communication: Old and New Media Relationships. In Media Power In Politics (Sixth Edition ed., pp. 45-56). Washington D.C.: CQ Press.

Hall, S. (1997). Representation: Cultural Representations and Signifying Practices. SAGE. London.

Hargittai, E. (2011). Minding the digital gap: Why understandings digital inequality matters. In S. Papathanassopoulos (Ed.), Media Perspectives for the 21st Century (pp. 231-240). Routledge.

Hindman, M. (2009). The Internet and the “Democratization” of Politics. In The Myth of Digital Democracy (pp. 1-19). Princeton University Press.

Hindman, M. (2009). “Googlearchy”: The Link Structure of Political Web Sites. In The Myth of Digital Democracy (pp. 38-57). Princeton University Press.

Hindman, M. (2009). Political Traffic and the Politics of Search. In The Myth of Digital Democracy (pp. 58-81). Princeton University Press.

Hoover, S., & Emerich, M. (2011). Introduction: Media, Spiritualities and Social Change. In Media, Spiritualities and Social Change (pp. 1-12). London: Continuum.

Hughes, S., & Lugo-Ocando, J. (2008). The Media in Mexico: From Authoritarians to Hybrid System. In The Media in Latin America. (pp. 131-149). Open University Press.

Johansson, T., & Rosengran, K. (1994). Late modernity, consumer culture and lifestyles: Toward a cognitive-affective theory. In Media effects and beyond: Culture, socialization and lifestyles (pp. 265-293). New York: Routledge.

Landau, S., & Hayden, T. (2002). The Zapatista Army of National Liberation Part of the Latin Americn Revolutionary Tradition– But also very Different. In The Zapatista Reader (pp. 146-152). New York: Thunder’s Mouth Press.

Levitsky, S., & Mainwaring, S. (2005). Argentina: Democratic Survival amidst Economic Failure. In F. Hagopian (Ed.), The Third Wave of Democratization in Latin America Advances and Setbacks (pp. 63-89). Cambridge University Press.

Lopes, I. (2013). Political Culture and the Democratization of Communications in Brazil. Latin American Perspectives, 40 No. 3(190), 129-140.

Mainwaring, S., & Mainwaring, F. (2005). Introduction. In The Third Wave of Democratization in Latin America Advances and Setbacks (pp. 1-13). Cambridge University Press.

Mainwaring, S., Perez-Linan, A., & Mainwaring, S. (2005). Latin American Democratization since 1978: Democratic Transitions, Breakdowns, and Erosions. In F. Hagopian (Ed.), The Third Wave of Democratization in Latin America Advances and Setbacks (pp. 14-59). Cambridge University Press.

McAllister, M. (2011). Consumer culture and new media: Commodity fetishism in the digital era. In S. Papathanassopoulos (Ed.), Media Perspectives for the 21st Century (pp. 149-165). Routledge.

McChesney, R. (2004). The Age of Hyper-Commercialism. In The Problem of the Media (pp. 138-174). New York: Monthly Review Press.

Meikle, G. (2008). Whacking Bush. In M. Boler (Ed.), Digital Media and Democracy Tactics in Hard Times (pp. 371-382). Massachusetts: The MIT Press.

Mellado, C., & Lagos, C. (2013). Redefining Comparative Analyses of Media Systems from the Perspective of New Democracies. Communication & Society, 26(4), 1-24.

Montgomery, L., & Cole, R. (1996). The Role of Women in Latin American Mass Media. In Communication in Latin America Journalism, Mass Media, and Society (pp. 37-49). Ailmington: Scholarly Resources.

Murphy, P. (2007). Introduction Media and Democracy in the Age of Globalization. In I. Blankson & P. Murphy (Eds.), Negotiating Democracy Media Transformations in Emerging Democracies (pp. 1-11). State University of New York Press.

Navarro, L. (2002). Mexico’s Secret War. In T. Hayden (Ed.), The Zapatista Reader (pp. 61-68). Thunder’s Mouth Press.

Nichols, J. (1996). Effects of International Propaganda on U.S.-Cuban Relations. In R. Cole (Ed.), Communication in Latin America Journalism, Mass Media, and Society (pp. 71-103). Ailmington: Scholarly Resources.

Nichols, J., & McChesney, R. (2013, November 6). Free the Media! Retrieved from http://www.thenation.com/article.177033/free-media

Nichols, J., & McChesney, R. (2008, May 29). Who’ll Unplug Big Media? Stay Tuned. Retrieved from http://www.thenation.com/article/wholl-unplug-big-media-stay-tuned#

Palavicini, G. (2011). Mass Media’s Influence on the Transformation of the Mexican Political Regime. Latin America Policy, 2(2), 234-246.

Papathanassopoulos, S. (2011). Introduction: Media perspectives for the 21st century. In S. Papathanassopoulos (Ed.), Media Perspectives for the 21st Century (pp. 1-17). Routledge.

Paz, O. (2002). The Media Spectacle Comes to Mexico. In T. Hayden (Ed.), The Zapatista Reader (pp. 30-33). Thunder’s Mouth Press.

Pingree, S., & Hawkins, R. (1994). Looking for Patterns in Lifestyle Behaviours. In K. Rosengran (Ed.), Media effects and beyond: Culture, socialization and lifestyles (pp. 76-96). New York: Routledge.

Poniatowska, E. (2002). Voices from the Jungle Subcomandante Marcos and Culture. In T. Hayden (Ed.), The Zapatista Reader (pp. 373-381). Thunder’s Mouth Press.

Relly, J., & Gonzalez de Bustamante, C. (2013). Silencing Mexico: A Study of Influences on Journalists in the Northern States. The International Journal of Press/ Politics, Sage Publications, Inc.-Sage Publications, Inc.

Rockwell, R. (2007). Vestiges of Authoritarianism Monopoly Broadcasting in Central America. In I. Blankson & P. Murphy (Eds.), Negotiating Democracy Media Transformations in Emerging Democracies (pp. 35-50). New York: State University of New York Press.

Santos, B. (2014). Manifesto for Good Living/ Buen Vivir AND Minifesto for Intellectual-Activists. In Epistemologies of the South Justice against Epistemicide (pp. 2-17). Paradigm.

Santos, B. (2014). Introduction Creating a Distance in Relation to Western-centric Political Imagination and Critical Theory. In Epistemologies of the South Justice against Epistemicide (pp. 19-46). Paradigm.

Schimmel, S. (2011). The Blogosphere of Resistance: Anonymous Blogging as a Safe Haven for Chellenging Religious Authority and Creating Dissident Communities. In Media, Spiritualities and Social Change (pp. 147-157). London: Continuum.

Selb, P., & Graber, D. (2011). The Al Jazeera Effect: How the New Global Media are Reshaping World Politics. In Media Power In Politics(Sixth ed., pp. 283-291). Washington D.C.: CQ Press.

Selverston, M. (1998). The Politics of Identity Reconstruction: Indians and Democracy in Ecuador. In D. Chalmers, C. Vilas, K. Hite, S. Martin, K. Piester, & M. Segarra (Eds.), The New Politics of Inequality in Latin America Rethinking Participation and Representation (pp. 170-191). New York: Oxford University Press.

Sinclair, J. (1999). Introduction. In Latin American Television: A Global View (pp. 1-32). Oxford University Press.

Sinclair, J. (1999). The Autumn of the Patriarch: Mexico and Televisa. In Latin American Television: A Global View (pp. 33-62). Oxford University Press.

Sinclair, J. (1999). The Latin American Continent: Brazil, Venezuela, and Argentina. In Latin American Television: A Global View (pp. 63-91). Oxford University Press.

Sitrin, M. (2012). Horizontalidad. In Everyday Revolutions: Horizontalism and Autonomy in Argentina (pp. 61-82). Zed Books.

Sitrin, M. (2012). New subjectives and Affective Politics. In EVERYDAY REVOLUTIONS Horizontalism and Autonomy in Argentina (pp. 83-100). Zed Books.

Sturken, M., Thomas, D., J. Ball-Rokeach S. (2004). Technological Visions: The Hopes and Fears That Shape New Technologies. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.  

Sutton, B. (2008). Contesting Racism: Democratic Citizenship, Human Rights, and Antiracist Politics in Argentina. Latin American Perspectives, 35(6), 106-121. Retrieved from JSTOR.

Swartz, A. (2008, July 1). Guerilla Open Access Manifesto. Retrieved January 1, 2015, from

Tufekci, Z. (2014). Social Movements and Governments in the Digital Age: Evaluating a Complex Landscape. Journal of International Affairs, 68(1), 1-18.

Turner, T. (2002). Representation, Politics, and Cultural Imagination in Indigenous Video. In F. Ginsburg, L. Abu-Lughod, & B. Larkin (Eds.), Media Worlds Anthropology on New Terrain (pp. 75-89). University of California Press.

Micklethwait, J. (Ed.). (2014, November 29). Everybody wants to rule the world. The Economist, 19-22.

Micklethwait, J. (Ed.). (2014, November 8). How high can it fly? The Economist, 63-64.

Micklethwait, J. (Ed.). (2014, November 18). The future of magic. The Economist, 157-157.

Vialey, P., Belinche, M., & Tovar, C. (2008). The Media in Argentina:Democracy, Crisis and the Reconfiguration of Media Groups. In J. Lugo-Ocando (Ed.), The Media in Latin America (pp. 13-27). Open University Press.

Webster, F., & Papathanassopoulos, S. (2011). Information and democracy: The weakening of social democracy. In Media Perspectives for the 21st Century (pp. 22-40). Routledge.

Wilkinson, K. (2011). Democracy Sponsored by Nafta? Mexican Television in the Free Trade Era. In I. Blankson & P. Murphy (Eds.), Negotiating Democracy Media Transformations in Emerging Democracies (pp. 199-218). New York: State University of New York Press.

Williams, B., & Carpini, M. (2011). 9/11 and Its Aftermath. In After Broadcast News: Media Regimes, Democracy, and the New Information Environment (pp. 222-277). Cambridge University Press.

Williams, B., & Carpini, M. (2011). Shaping a New Media Regime. In After Broadcast News: Media Regimes, Democracy, and the New Information Environment (pp. 278-326). Cambridge University Press.

Williams, R. (1974). Television: Technology and Cultural Form. London: Routledge.

Wroe, A. (2014, November 18). Farewell to escapism (J. Micklethwait, Ed.). The Economist, 158-158.


Vodovnik, Z. (2004). !Ya Basta! Ten Years of the Zapatista Uprising. Oakland: AK Press.


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